Healthcare Training Institute - Quality Education since 1979
CE for Psychologist, Social Worker, Counselor, & MFT!!
In this section, we will discuss four factors related to the concept and development of cliques. These four factors are, the significance of cliques to adolescents, the development of cliques, girls’ cliques, and boys’ cliques. Perhaps playing this section in a session might be beneficial to a client you are currently treating.
Louise, 16, was referred to me after her parents observed what they felt to be suicidal behavior. Dianne, Louise’s mother, stated, "We moved here about four months ago. Louise is such a funny, bright kid, and she had a lot of friends at her old high school. I though she’d fit right in. But she’s had trouble adjusting."
During our initial session, Louise stated, "I’m like a ghost at school! No one talks to me. I eat alone in the cafeteria. No one sits near me in class. The only time anyone says my name is to say something mean. I don’t know what I did wrong!"
As you are well aware, what Louise experienced is not at all uncommon. This kind of exclusion seems to happen in every school across the country. For students like Louise, who are for some reason outside the social network of cliques and the ‘in crowd’, school life may be perceived as unbearable.
Bobby, 17, experienced the emotional impact of clique structure from another direction. Bobby stated, "I’m on the football team, and my buddies are all jocks.We’re real tight, you know? But my lab partner, Greg, is a goth. I get a lot of crap from the guys about being assigned to work with him. Greg’s actually really cool. But I know if I hung out with him,d I’d never hear the end of it from my friends."
♦ Factor # 1 - Significance of Cliques to Adolescents
However, these positive aspects are little comfort to those excluded from this basic social structure. And as Bobby experienced, within cliques acceptance may be conditional. Members may need to hide parts of their personalities, goals, or ambitions in order to maintain a sense of belonging.
♦ Factor # 2 - Development of Cliques
♦ Factor # 3 - Unique Nature of Girls’ Cliques
♦ Factor # 4 - Nature of Boys’ Cliques
Whereas the terms girls generally use to describe friends within cliques are more relational, boys tend to describe friends within cliques in terms of skill at activities, a sense of humor, or other more agentic terms. Researchers have tended to find less focus on appearance or relational aggression within these groups.
♦ Technique: "When to Leave"
Six Signs that You Should Find New Friends
Think of your Bobby. Would reviewing the "When to Leave" technique be useful for him or her?
In this section, we have discussed four factors related to the concept and development of cliques. These four factors are, the significance of cliques to adolescents, the development of cliques, girls’ cliques, and boys’ cliques.
In the next section, we will discuss four myths of popularity. These four myths are, popularity equals happiness, popularity gives people self confidence, popular students have more friends and better friendships, and everyone likes popular people.
Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Martin-Storey, A., & Crosnoe, R. (2014). Peer harassment and risky behavior among sexual minority girls and boys. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 84(1), 54–65.
Paluck, E. L., & Shepherd, H. (2012). The salience of social referents: A field experiment on collective norms and harassment behavior in a school social network. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(6), 899–915.
Peter, C. R., Tasker, T. B., & Horn, S. S. (2016). Adolescents’ beliefs about harm, wrongness, and school policies as predictors of sexual and gender-based harassment. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3(4), 426–431.
At what age level to children begin to display the ability to discern who is ‘popular’ and who is not? To select and enter your answer go to Test.