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Section 9
Bias Crime Assessment: A Tool and Guidelines

Question 9 | Test | Table of Contents

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

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- Vera Institute of Justice (August 2018). Bias Crime Assessment: A Tool and Guidelines for Law Enforcement and Concerned Communities. National Criminal Justice Reference Service, p. 1-18.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Cuevas, C. A., Farrell, A., McDevitt, J., Robles, J., Lockwood, S., Geisler, I., Van Westendorp, J., Temple, J., & Zhang, S. (2021). Hate crime and bias victimization of Latinx adults: Rates from a multisite community sample. Psychology of Violence, 11(6), 529–538.

Fine, A., Simmons, C., Cavanagh, C., Rowan, Z., & Cauffman, E. (2020). Implications of youths’ perceptions of police bias and the code of the street for violent offending. Psychology of Violence, 10(5), 473–482.

Mulvey, K. L., Hoffman, A. J., Gönültaş, S., Hope, E. C., & Cooper, S. M. (2018). Understanding experiences with bullying and bias-based bullying: What matters and for whom? Psychology of Violence, 8(6), 702–711.

What are the various reasons victims of hate incidents and crimes tend not to report the offenses? To select and enter your answer go to Test.

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