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Section 13
Stereotypes and Bias

Question 13 | Test | Table of Contents

Division of Criminal Justice Services

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- Denvir, Brian. (August 2016). Hate Crime in New York State 2015 Annual Report. New York State - Division of Criminal Justice Services, p. 1-14.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Armstrong, L., Henderson, C., & Rimes, K. A. (2020). Development and psychometric validation of the Discrimination and Prejudice Responses Scale; the DAPR. Stigma and Health, 5(3), 294–303.

Dunbar, A. (2020). Follow the money: Racial crime stereotypes and willingness to fund crime control policies. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Advance online publication.

Rees, T., & Salvatore, J. (2021). Questioning stereotypes disrupts the effects of stereotype threat. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 10(2), 191–204.

Swencionis, J. K., & Goff, P. A. (2017). The psychological science of racial bias and policing. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 23(4), 398–409. 

What is the reason these are hate crimes – targeting individuals, groups of individuals or property? To select and enter your answer go to Test.

Section 14
Table of Contents