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- National Criminal Justice Reference Service - Vera Institute of Justice (August 2018). Bias Crime Assessment: A Tool and Guidelines for Law Enforcement and Concerned Communities. p. 1-18.
Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Andersen, J. P., Di Nota, P. M., Boychuk, E. C., Schimmack, U., & Collins, P. I. (2021). Racial bias and lethal force errors among Canadian police officers. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement.
Detrick, P., & Roberts, R. M. (2021). Police applicant response bias on the California Psychological Inventory. Psychological Services.
Fine, A. D., Amemiya, J., Frick, P., Steinberg, L., & Cauffman, E. (2021). Perceptions of police legitimacy and bias from ages 13 to 22 among Black, Latino, and White justice-involved males. Law and Human Behavior, 45(3), 243–255.
Swencionis, J. K., & Goff, P. A. (2017). The psychological science of racial bias and policing.Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 23(4), 398–409.
QUESTION 14 How can hate crime reporting be improved? To select and enter your answer go to Test.