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Section 9
Hate Crimes: Tracking and Preventing

Question 9 | Test | Table of Contents

United States Commission on Civil Rights

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- U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (June 13, 2019). Hate Crimes in Massachusetts. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, p. 1-8. Retrieved from

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Burks, A. C., Cramer, R. J., Henderson, C. E., Stroud, C. H., Crosby, J. W., & Graham, J. (2018). Frequency, nature, and correlates of hate crime victimization experiences in an urban sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(3), 402–420.

Dunbar, A. (2020). Follow the money: Racial crime stereotypes and willingness to fund crime control policies. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Advance online publication.

Sheehan, B. E., Maduro, R. S., & Derlega, V. J. (2020). Sexual/gender minority-related individual differences predict likelihood of social action after a hate crime. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. Advance online publication.

Sullaway, M. (2004). Psychological Perspectives on Hate Crime Laws. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 10(3), 250–292.

Why are a majority of transgender victims hesitant to report? To select and enter your answer go to Test.

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