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Appendix - Act 115 of 2016

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Discussion and examples of labor trafficking
• Labor trafficking is labor obtained by use of threat of serious harm, physical restraint, or abuse of legal process
• Examples: being forced to work for little or no pay from (frequently in factories and farms); domestic servitude (providing services within a household from 10-16 hours per day such as but not limited to: child care, cooking, cleaning, yard work, gardening, etc.)

Discussions and examples of severe forms of trafficking in persons
• Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or
• The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor of services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage (paying off debt through work); debt bondage (debt slavery, bonded labor or services for a debt or other obligation); or slavery (a condition compared to that of a salve in respect of exhausting labor or restricted freedom)

At risk youth populations for human trafficking
• Youth in the foster care system
• Youth who identify as LGBTQ
• Youth who are homeless or runaway
• Youth with disabilities
• Youth with mental health and/or substance abuse disorders
• Youth with a history of sexual abuse
• Youth with a history of being involved in the welfare system
• Youth who identify as native or aboriginal
• Youth with family dysfunction

Victim identification/warning signs to include but not limited to:
• A youth that has been verified to be under 18 and is in any way involved in the commercial sex industry, or has a record of prior arrest for prostitution or related charges
• Has an explicitly sexual online profile
• Excessive frequenting of internet chat rooms or classified sites
• Depicts elements of sexual exploitation in drawing, poetry, or other modes of creative expression
• Frequent or multiple sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancies
• Lying about or not being aware of their true age
• Having no knowledge of personal data, such as but not limited to: age, name, and/or date of birth
• Having no identification
• Wearing sexually provocative clothing
• Wearing new clothes of any style, getting hair and/or nails done with no financial means
• Secrecy about whereabouts
• Having late nights or unusual hours
• Having a tattoo that she/she is reluctant to explain
• Being in a controlling or dominating relationship
• Not having control of own finances
• Exhibit hyper-vigilance or paranoid behaviors
• Express interest in or in relationships with adults or much older men/women


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