Add To Cart

Ethical and Cultural Issues Arising from the Psychology of Terrorism


Test | Table of Contents

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Ahern, E., & Semkovska, M. (2017). Cognitive functioning in the first-episode of major depressive disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuropsychology, 31(1), 52–72.

Ben-Zur, H., Gil, S., & Shamshins, Y. (2012). The relationship between exposure to terror through the media, coping strategies and resources, and distress and secondary traumatization. International Journal of Stress Management, 19(2), 132–150.

Brugh, C. S., Desmarais, S. L., Simons-Rudolph, J., & Zottola, S. A. (2019). Gender in the jihad: Characteristics and outcomes among women and men involved in jihadism-inspired terrorism. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 6(2), 76–92.

Cohen, M., Gagin, R., & Peled-Avram, M. (2006). Multiple terrorist attacks: Compassion fatigue in Israeli social workers. Traumatology, 12(4), 293–301.

DiSunno, R., Linton, K., & Bowes, E. (2011). World Trade Center tragedy: Concomitant healing in traumatic grief through art therapy with children. Traumatology, 17(3), 47–52.

Ferguson, N., & McAuley, J. W. (2021). Dedicated to the cause: Identity development and violent extremism. European Psychologist, 26(1), 6–14.

Fischer, A., Oswald, M. E., & Seiler, S. (2013). Terrorists among us: Effects of a suspect’s group membership, terrorist past, and knowledge on lay persons’ interrogation severity recommendations. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 72(1), 13–23.

García Coll, C., & Marks, A. K. (2017). Missing developmental and sociocultural perspectives: Comment on the “Psychology of Terrorism” special issue (2017). American Psychologist, 72(7), 701–702.

Harris-Hogan, S. (2018). Terrorism, 1888–2018: Some change, but mostly the same. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 5(4), 245–247.

Horgan, J. G. (2017). Psychology of terrorism: Introduction to the special issue. American Psychologist, 72(3), 199–204.

Kristensen, P., Dyregrov, K., Dyregrov, A., & Heir, T. (2016). Media exposure and prolonged grief: A study of bereaved parents and siblings after the 2011 Utøya Island terror attack. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8(6), 661–667.

Logan, M. K., Damadzic, A., Medeiros, K., Ligon, G. S., & Derrick, D. C. (2021). Constraints to malevolent innovation in terrorist attacks. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication.

Mac Giollabhui, N., Hamilton, J. L., Nielsen, J., Connolly, S. L., Stange, J. P., Varga, S., Burdette, E., Olino, T. M., Abramson, L. Y., & Alloy, L. B. (2018). Negative cognitive style interacts with negative life events to predict first onset of a major depressive episode in adolescence via hopelessness. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127(1), 1–11.

Miller, L. (2002). Psychological interventions for terroristic trauma: Symptoms, syndromes, and treatment strategies. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 39(4), 283–296.

Molnar, B. E., Sprang, G., Killian, K. D., Gottfried, R., Emery, V., & Bride, B. E. (2017). Advancing science and practice for vicarious traumatization/secondary traumatic stress: A research agenda. Traumatology, 23(2), 129–142.

Salman, N. L., & Gill, P. (2020). A survey of risk and threat assessors: Processes, skills, and characteristics in terrorism risk assessment. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 7(1-2), 122–129.

Shoshani, A., & Slone, M. (2008). Efficacy of clinical interventions for indirect exposure to terrorism. International Journal of Stress Management, 15(1), 53–75.

Slone, M., & Shoshani, A. (2006). Evaluation of preparatory measures for coping with anxiety raised by media coverage of terrorism. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(4), 535–542.

Theriault, J., Krause, P., & Young, L. (2017). Know thy enemy: Education about terrorism improves social attitudes toward terrorists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 146(3), 305–317.

Tschantret, J. (2021). The psychology of right-wing terrorism: A text-based personality analysis. Psychology of Violence, 11(2), 113–122.

Turgoose, D., & Maddox, L. (2017). Predictors of compassion fatigue in mental health professionals: A narrative review. Traumatology, 23(2), 172–185.

Van Der Vegt, I., Marchment, Z., Clemmow, C., & Gill, P. (2019). Learning from the parallel field of terrorism studies. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 6(3-4), 202–209.

White, G. D. (2001). Near ground zero: Compassion fatigue in the aftermath of September 11. Traumatology, 7(4), 151–154.

Wu, H., Mata, J., Furman, D. J., Whitmer, A. J., Gotlib, I. H., & Thompson, R. J. (2017). Anticipatory and consummatory pleasure and displeasure in major depressive disorder: An experience sampling study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126(2), 149–159.

Additional References:
American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. (2015, January 1). Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

American Counseling Association. (2014). ACA Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

American Psychological Association (APA). (2017, January 1). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Retrieved from

Barker, R. L. (1998). Milestones in the Development of Social Work and Social Welfare. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Rankin, Mary, JD employed by the Healthcare Training Institute to research and write the article Evolution of Social Work Ethics. Edited by Tracy Appleton, LCSW. The reference Barker, Robert L. Milestones in the Development of Social Work and Social Welfare. Washington, DC NASW Press, 1998

Bergner, Raymond M PhD. Pathological Self-Criticism Assessment and Treatment. Plenum Press, New York, 1999.

Binetti, Ashley. A New Frontier: Human Trafficking and ISIS's Recruitment of Women from the West. Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace & Security, 2015, p1-8.

Blanchard, Christopher and Carla E. Humud. The Islamic State and U.S. Policy. Congressional Research Service, February 9, 2016, p1-39.

Borum, R. (2004). Psychology of Terrorism. University of South Florida.

Boylan, Brandon M. Poverty, Religion, and the Determinants of Domestic Terrorism. Conference Papers -- International Studies Association, 2009.

Burton, Stephen; Furr, Susan. Conflict in Multicultural Classes: Approaches to Resolving Difficult Dialogues. Counselor Education & Supervision. Jun2014, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p97-110.

Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien. Race/Ethnicity and Multicultural Competence Among School Counselors: Multicultural Training, Racial/Ethnic Identity, and Color-Blind Racial Attitudes. Journal of Counseling & Development. Apr2013, Vol. 91 Issue 2, p140-151.

Clutterbuck, Richard PhD. Terrorism and Guerrilla Warfare. Routledge, New York, 2002.

Deits, Bob PhD. Life After Loss. Fisher Books, Tucson, 1999.

Dr. Gorka, Sebastian L. and Katherine C. Gorka. ISIS: The Threat to the United States. The Threat Knowledge Group, November 2015, p 1-20.

Fishel, Ruth MA. The Journey Within. Health Communications, Inc., Deerfield Beach, 1997.

Freedman, Lawrence Zelic PhD. Perspectives on Terrorism. Scholarly Resources, Inc., Wilmington, 1998.

Gendlin, Ph.D., Eugene T. Focusing. Everest House Publishers, New York, 2001.

Gilbert C. Gee, PhD, Katrina M. Walsemann, PhD, MPH, and Elizabeth Brondolo, PhD. A Life Course Perspective on How Racism May Be Related to Health Inequities. THE SCIENCE OF RESEARCH ON RACIAL/ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION AND HEALTH; American Journal of Public Health|May 2012, Vol 102, No. 5; p1-8.

Gross, Michael L.; Canetti, Daphna; Vashdi, Dana R. The psychological effects of cyber terrorism. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. September 2016, Vol. 72 Issue 5, p284-291.

Hanna, Fred J.; Cardona, Betty. Multicultural Counseling Beyond the Relationship: Expanding the Repertoire With Techniques. Journal of Counseling & Development. Jul2013, Vol. 91 Issue 3, p349-357.

Hay, Louise L MA. You Can Heal Your Life. Hay House, Santa Monica, 1997.

Helge, Ph.D., Doris. Transforming Pain Into Power. Shimoda Publishing, Bellingham, 1999.

Johnson, Jennifer M.; Lambie, Glenn W. Ethnic Identity and Social-Cognitive Maturity in a Multicultural Group Experience. Counselor Education & Supervision. Sep2013, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p193-206.

Jones, Edgar; Bhui, Kamaldeep. The New Ethics of Research into Terrorism. British Medical Journal, January 2009.

Kagnici, Dilek Yelda. Reflections of a Multicultural Counseling Course: A Qualitative Study with Counseling Students and Counselors. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice. 2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p53-62.

Kressel, Neil J. PhD. Mass Hate: The Global Rise of Genocide and Terror. Plenum Press, New York, 2000.

Matsakis, Ph.D., Aphrodite. Trust After Trauma. New Harbinger Publications, Oakland, 1998.

Miller, Abraham H. PhD. Terrorism and Hostage Negotiations. Westview Press, Boulder, 1998.

Marc Miller and Jason File. Terrorism Factbook. c. 2001. Bollix Books.

National Association of Social Workers. (2017). NASW Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. and Affiliates. (2016, October 7). NBCC Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

Ochberg, Frank M. PhD. Victims of Terrorism. Westview Press, Boulder, 2001.

Pennebaker, Ph.D., James W. Opening Up The Healing Power of Confiding in Others. W. Morrow and Company, Inc., New York, 1997.

Popescu, Gherghe H.; Ciurlau, Florin Cristian. The Impact of Mental Illness and Psychological Processes on Individuals' Involvement in Terrorist Behaviors. American Journal of Medical Research. 2017, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p179-184.

Rafique, Rafia; Anjum, Afifa; Raheem, Shazza Shazdey. Psychological Effects and Coping Strategies in Direct and Indirect Exposure to ongoing Terrorism. Pakistan Journal of Psychology. June 2016, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p3-19.

Rapaport, David C. PhD. The Morality of Terrorism. Pergamon Press, New York, 2002.

Rubin, Barry PhD. Terrorism and Politics. St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1997.

Russell, Alison. Mental Disorder, Violent Radicalization, and Terrorist Behavior. American Journal of Medical Research. 2017, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p185-190.

Schmid, Alex P. PhD. Violence as Communication. Beverly Hills, 1998.

Schutz, Susan Polis PhD. Creeds to Live By, Dreams to Follow. Blue Mountain Press, Boulder, 1997.

Scientific American Mind. Beyond Fear: The Psychology of Terrorism. Scientific American Mind. May/Jun2016, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p32-33. 2p. 1

Simon, Jeffrey D. PhD. The Terrorist Trap. Indiana University Press, 1999.

Slone, Michelle; Mann, Shiri. Effects of War, Terrorism and Armed Conflict on Young Children: A Systematic Review. Child Psychiatry & Human Development. December 2016, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p950-965.

Somer, Prof., Dr. Tarik. International Terrorism and the Drug Connection. Ankara University Press, Ankara,1998.

Spilerman, Seymour; Stecklov, Guy. Societal Responses to Terrorist Attacks; Annual Review of Sociology, 2009

Stamm, Ph.D., B. Hudnall. Secondary Traumatic Stress. Sidran Press, Lutherville, 1999.

The CDM Group, Inc ., under the Knowledge Application Program (KAP) contract numbers 270-99-7072, 270-04-7049, and 270-09-0307 with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Andrea Kopstein, Ph.D., M.P.H., Karl D. White, Ed.D., and Christina Currier served as the Contracting Officer ’s Representatives.; HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4849 First Printed 2014, p1-340.

The Lewin Group, Inc; Karen W. Linkins, Ph.D.Sharrie McIntosh, MHA; Johanna Bell; Umi Chong, MBE. Indicators of Cultural Competence in Health Care Delivery Organizations: An Organizational Cultural Competence Assessment Profile. The Health Resources and Services Administration. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; April 2002, p1-23.

The Threat Knowledge Group. The Islamic State and information Warfare: Defeating ISIS and the Broader. The Threat Knowledge Group, January, p 1-55.

White, Jonathan R. PhD. Terrorism: An Introduction. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Pacific Grove, 2001.

Whittaker, David J. PhD. The Terrorism Reader. Routledge, New York, 2001.

Wieviorka, Michel PhD. The Making of Terrorism. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2003.

Wilkinson, Paul PhD. Terrorism and Political Violence. Volume 10. Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., 1998.

Wilkinson, Paul PhD. Terrorism and Political Violence. Volume 11. Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., 1999.

Woolfolk, Robert L. MA. Principles and Practice of Stress Management. The Guilford Press, New York, 1998.

Table of Contents