Add To Cart

Section 4
Withdrawal Symptoms, Dependency Risk

Question 4 | Test | Table of Contents

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs 

If you wish to increase the text size of this publication, maximize your window.
Click outside the box below, press Ctrl “+” several times, then scroll.
Questions? Email: [email protected]

- Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Ph.D. Cannabis & PTSD: Existing Evidence and Clinical Considerations. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2016, p29-34.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Budney, A. J., Moore, B. A., Vandrey, R. G., & Hughes, J. R. (2003). The time course and significance of cannabis withdrawal. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112(3), 393–402.

Carey, C. E., Agrawal, A., Zhang, B., Conley, E. D., Degenhardt, L., Heath, A. C., Li, D., Lynskey, M. T., Martin, N. G., Montgomery, G. W., Wang, T., Bierut, L. J., Hariri, A. R., Nelson, E. C., & Bogdan, R. (2015). Monoacylglycerol lipase (MGLL) polymorphism rs604300 interacts with childhood adversity to predict cannabis dependence symptoms and amygdala habituation: Evidence from an endocannabinoid system-level analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124(4), 860–877.

Feingold, D. (2020). Working with clients who self-medicate using cannabis: Mind the gap in knowledge. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 51(4), 313–316.

Grodin, E. N., Burnette, E., Towns, B., Venegas, A., & Ray, L. A. (2021). Effect of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis co-use on gray matter Vol. in heavy drinkers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 35(6), 760–768.

Herrmann, E. S., Weerts, E. M., & Vandrey, R. (2015). Sex differences in cannabis withdrawal symptoms among treatment-seeking cannabis users. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(6), 415–421. 

Pearson, M. R. (2019). A meta-analytic investigation of the associations between cannabis use and cannabis-related negative consequences. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 33(3), 190–196. 

What are True Cannabis Withdrawals? To select and enter your answer go to Test