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further explain PTSD resulting from terrorism and other traumas, let us examine
grief, realistic guilt, and briefly look at the Stockholm Syndrome.
This grieving may be accompanied by the depressed feelings that accompany other grief reactions and may also precipitate depressive illnesses in predisposed clients. You may have noticed an exacerbation of symptoms in you Depressive Disordered clients.
After the September 11 terrorist attacks, our entire nation was knocked down in a dominance hierarchy and feeling suddenly less powerful. We had to grieve the loss of our image as a nation as being so potent and in control that terrorism could not happen here. This grieving was accompanied by a national feeling of deep depression, as reported by numerous media coverage programs.
As you know, victims need to adapt to the event that has occurred as best they can, and the desire of family, friends, and professionals is to help them. So realistic guilt is involved, because the victim had placed himself or herself in harm's way, a fate they felt they could have avoided.
on the Victims of Terrorism
In summary, the suffering of the victim is the leverage used for negotiations with a third party. Hostages, in their psychologically-traumatized state, never view negotiations for their release as benevolent, because they would immediately give anything for their release. The hostage interprets and experiences any negotiations as endangering them.They, therefore, perceive negotiations, especially extended ones, as evidence of indifference, hostility, and rejection, so that the very people who are negotiating for their release seem to be unloving and life-threatening.This reinforces the pathological transference already developing by prolonged exposure to the terrorist.
QUESTION 6: The hostages perceive negotiations, especially extended ones, as evidence of indifference, hostility, and rejection, so that the very people who are negotiating for their release seem to be what? To select and enter your answer go to Answer Booklet.
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